International Union of Kettlebell Lifting

INTERNATIONAL RULES OF REFERING OF COMPETITIONS

2017
CONTENTS

1. Type and program of competitions …………………………………………………….
3
2. Participants of competitions ………………………………………………………………
3
Age of participants ……………………………………………………………………………..
3
Weight in of participants…………………………………………………………………………
4
Weight categories ……………………………………………………………………………….
4
Rights and duties of participants ……………………………………………………….
4
The uniform of athletes………………………………………………………………………….
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3. Managers, coaches and team captains ……………………………..…………………
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4. The equipment and supplies …………………………………………………………………….
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5. Judging commission of the competition ………………………………………………………….
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The main commission ….………………………………………………………………………
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The Head judge and his assistants …………..……………………………………………
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The Head secretary ……………………………………………………………………………….
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The Judge on a platform…………………………………………………………………………..
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The Secretary of the competition………………………………………………………
9
The Judge-informer .…………………………………………………………………………..
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The Supporting judge ……….…………….………………………….……………..
9
The Technical inspector ………………………………………………………………………..
9
The Doctor of a competition ………………………………………………………………….
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The Superintendent of a competition ………………………………………………….
10
6. Rules of performance of exercises ………………………………………………………….
10
General provisions ……………………………………………………………………………..
10
JERK of two kettlebells from the chest (Short cycle)……………………………………….
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JERK of two kettlebells from a chest with drop/clean back to chest (Long cycle)………………………………………………………………………………
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SNATCH ….…………………………………………………………………………………………
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7. Relay………………………………………………………………………………………………….
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8. Registration of records…………………………………………………………………………..
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9. Applications……………………………………………………………………………
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1. Type and program of competitions
Type of competitions
1.1. By their type kettlebell lifting competitions can be classified as:
– individual,
– team,
– mixed (individual and team).
Personal, team and mixed results are determined in accordance with this classification.
1.2. Type and program of an each particular competition is defined by the Competition Regulations.
Program of competitions
1.3. Weight of competition kettlebells are 12, 16, 24, 32 kg. Exercises are as follows:
– jerk of two kettlebells holding them on the chest in the initial position and returning them in the same position after every overhead lift (short cycle),
– jerk of two kettlebells holding them on the chest in the initial position and returning them in the same position after every overhead lift with following lowering them down into hanging position and then back to rack position (long cycle),
– snatch of one kettlebell in turn with one and the other hand,
– classic biathlon (jerk and snatch)
– relay.
1.4. An athlete can participate in no more than one competition discipline and relay on the same day.
1.5. The winner in biathlon is determined by the highest number of correctly executed lifts (in snatch only half of the total number of counted lifts with both hands is recorded).
1.6. If several participants register the same result, the advantage in determining the place will be given to:
– the participants who weighed less before the performance,
– the participants who weighed less after the performance,
– the participants who performed earlier than his/her competitors.

2. Participants of competitions
Age of participants:
-younger youth (males & females) 14-16 years (U-16),
-older youth (males and females) 17-18 years (U-18)
-juniors (males & females) 19-22 years (U-22),
-adults (males & females) 23 years and over,
2.1. The age of the participant is defined by the year of a birth (on 1st of January of the current year).
2.2. Younger athletes, as an exception, can be allowed to compete in the higher age group, provided that they have appropriate technical level, medical permission, and a special permission of the organization hosting the competition.
In any given competition each athlete has the right to participate only in one weight category. It is permitted to participate in another weight category only in team competitions (relay) on condition that a participant undergoes another weight in procedure.
2.3. Applications for taking part in a competition, the order of their form and submission are determined by the regulations of a competition.
Weight in of participants
2.4. Weight in of participants is carried out on the eve of the competition, according to the regulations approved by the organizers.
2.5. Weight in is done in a place specially designated for this purpose.
2.6. The members of the Main Judges Commission, judges completing the weight in procedure and one official representative of each team are permitted to be present at the procedure.
2.7. During the weight in, male participants must wear swimming shorts/trunks, females – bathing suits.
In case the weight of an athlete exceeds the limit of his/her weight category, the athlete has the right to be weighted in again within the time slot designated for general weight in by the regulations of the competition.
2.8. The order of performance of the participants might be determined by a draw at the weight in.
The main Judges Commission has right to form the final groups of participants based on the results of the last few competitions as indicated in the application.
Weight categories

The rights and duties of the participant
2.9. The participant has the right to address the main Judges Commission with any concerns or questions only through the team representative or the Supporting judge.
2.10. The participant is given time (up to 3 minutes) to prepare kettlebells in the place provided for this purpose. This time period is determined by the Main Judges Commission according to the competition regulations.
2.11. The participant can use only the marked kettlebells which are located on the platform where he/she is going to perform.
2.12. Only magnesium can be used while preparing the kettlebells and hands before the start.
2.13. The participant has the right to represent an enterprise or a firm by advertising its products. The participant should notify the main Judges Commission about this and get the written permission.
2.14. The participant is obliged to know Rules and Regulations of the competition and strictly follow them.
2.15. The participant is obliged to be bind by the rules of social behavior and show respect toward other participants, spectators and judges.
2.16. The participant’s uniform must meet the competition regulations and leave knees and elbows uncovered. The participant has to wear clean and tidy uniform. Women may wear sports mini-skirts.
It is allowed to use a weightlifting belt (its width cannot exceed 12 cm at the back and 6 cm in front), knee pads, bandages and elastic wraps no longer than 1.5 m. The width of overlay bandage on wrists – should be no more than 12 cm, on knees – no more than 25 cm.
Members of each team must wear the same uniform with national symbols of their country.

The uniform of athletes

Performance Uniform for Kettlebell Lifting Competitors
Lift
Bottom
Top
Jerk

and

Long
Cycle

Snatch

Performance Equipment
Belt

Footwear

Wrist guards,

knee wraps

and

head bands

2.17. Participants arriving to the competition must have a medical insurance and a valid ID document.
2.18. Participants are obliged to be presented at the parades of opening and closing of the competition, presentation and the award ceremony.
2.19. It is prohibited to use any device that may facilitate lifting of the kettlebell (kettlebells) including using a belt to support elbows while fixating kettlebells in the rack position.
2.20. It is prohibited to talk while performing on the platform, loudly express emotions which interferes with the counting procedure as well as with performance of other athletes on neighboring platforms.
2.21. The participants are not permitted to deliberately to drop the kettlebells on the platform.
2.22. A participant who will violate p. 2.9 – 2.21 will receive a warning. Based on the decision of the main Judges Commission he/she may be banned from the competition.

3. Managers, coaches and team captains
3.1. Each team participating in a competition should have a manager.
3.2. Manager is responsible for the appropriate behavior of the team members and their timely attendance at the event.
3.3. The manager must know the rules and regulations of the competition.
3.4. The manager or coach may be present at the weight in of the team members and the draw, but must attend all the meetings called by the competition organizers.
3.5. Managers and coaches are not permitted to be in the competition area during the competition. They should be in a specially designated area.
3.6. Managers and coaches are forbidden to interfere with the orders or instructions of main Judges Commission and officials of the competition. A team manager has the right to submit to the main Judges Commission a statement or protest regarding only the members of his team. The protest concerning the result of his team member performance, must be filed before the next flight. Competitions are normally suspended, to review the protest.
3.7. In case if a team does not have a manager, a coach or a team captain take over his responsibilities which should be specified in the application submitted for the consideration of the review.

3.8. If a team representative will violate p. 3.1-3.7 of these rules, he/she will be subject to penalties specified in p. 2.22.

4. The equipment and supplies
4.1. Competitions are conducted on platforms not less than 1.5 x 1.5 m. in size. Distance between platforms should be at least 1 meter and guarantee safe environment for the participants.
4.2. The dimensions and weight of kettlebells should meet the technical parameters and requirements of IUKL.
Technical specifications of kettlebells:
– the dimensions: height – 280 mm, diameter of the body – 210 mm, diameter of the handle – 32 mm;
– colors: 12 kg – dark blue
16 kg – yellow,
24 kg – green,
32 kg – red,
4.3. The weight of a kettlebell may not deviate from the standard by more than 50 grams.
4.4. Kettlebells used in a competition should be marked according to the platform on which they are going to be lifted.
4.5. For the counting lifts and providing the time information the electronic counting system for judges have be installed.
4.6. For the preparation for the performance the athletes must be provided with a warm-up area:
– with sufficient number of platforms, kettlebells of various weight, magnesium, and other necessary items to aid participants’ preparations;
– area for rest and recovery;
– additional flight schedule, means of radio communication and video recording of participants’ performances.
4.7. Changing rooms, bathrooms, showers, and a medical office should be available for the participants; for the officials – special rooms for carrying out their duties and having meetings.
4.8. Not later than 24 hours before the competition a document is drawn up and signed by the representatives of the organization holding the competition, and the owner(s) of the sports facilities. This document confirms the availability of supplies and equipment that correspond to the competition rules as well as ascertains the undertaken measures of safety of participants and spectators.
5. Main Judges Commission
5.1. The main Judges Commission is approved by the Executive Board of IUKL. The main Judges Commission is formed by the Board of Judges of IUKL jointly with the organization hosting a competition.
5.2. A main Judges Commission consists of:
– Head judge;
– Head secretary;
– Judges on platforms,
– Secretaries,
– Judge-informer;
– Supporting judge;
– Technical supervisor;
– Doctor;
– Superintendant of the competition.
5.3. If the number of participants exceeds 50, the number of the judges can be increased by introducing into a main Judges Commission positions of the assistant to the Head judge, Head secretary, and additional referees on the platforms.
5.4. The judge in kettlebell lifting has to:
– know the actual rules and be able to apply them at the competitions;
– be objective and honest in his/her decisions;
– be an example of the appropriate behavior and work ethics;
– know regulations of the competitions.
5.5. Judges have to wear the same outfit: dark blue jacket, black trousers, dark red tie with the Federation emblem, badges and other symbolic paraphernalia according to their official duties and qualifications.
5.6. For logistics maintenance the organization holding a competition designates a superintendant of the competition at the disposal of a main Judges Commission.
The main Judges Commission
5.7. Main Judges Commission consists of:
– Head judge, Head secretary,
– assistant to the head judge,
– assistant to the head secretary.
5.8 The Jury of appeal (3-5 judges) is formed from the most qualified judges.
5.9 The Jury of appeal monitors the rules and regulations, detects violations of them and by a majority of votes determines any correspondent penalty. The Head Judge makes final decisions regarding violations and protests.
Head judge and his/her assistants
5.10. The head judge supervises the work of a main Judges Commission and carries the responsibility before the organization holding a competition strictly according rules of the competition, its discipline and safety as well as providing equal conditions for all participants.
5.11. The Head Judge has to:
– hold a meetings with the main Judges Commission and with team representatives before the beginning of the competition;
– check up the venue, supplies, technical equipment and their conformity with the rules of competitions and with the safety requirements prior to the beginning of competitions;
– to define the operating order of a main Judges Commission and referee brigades;
– to monitor the course of competitions and solve arising problems;
– to control the work of the referees at the competition and identify the winners;
– to accept and present the appeals and protests for the discussion of the jury;
– to present in due time the written report and the necessary documentation to the organization holding the competition;
– to conduct meetings of the main Judges Commission at the competition.
5.12. The assistant of the head judge is guided by instructions for the head judge, and carries out his duties in his absence.

The Head secretary
5.13. The Head secretary:
– prepares the necessary technical documentation and is responsible for keeping it in the correct format;
– prepares reports of sessions of a main Judges Commission and records instructions and decisions of the Head judge;
– with the permission of the Head judge provides information regarding the competition to the judge-informer, to the team representatives and representatives of media;
– documents registration of new records;
– processes all the documentation of competitions;
– presents to the Head judge necessary materials for the report;
– keeps records about decisions, appeals, comments and suggestions.
The referee on a platform
5.14. The referee on a platform:
– determines and counts correctly executed lifts,
– does not count incorrectly executed lifts by showing a yellow card;
– penalizes other mistakes by warning an athlete with a yellow card;
– terminates a performance by the command “Stop!” and a red card if an athlete constantly violates the rules or receives multiple warnings;
– announces the final result of a participant.
The secretary of a competition
5.15. The secretary:
– fills in participants’ cards during the weight in and is responsible for the records of the competition;
– keeps the back-up of documentation of the competition;
– carries out other instructions of the Head secretary.

The judge-informer
5.16. The judge-informer: announces decisions, instructions of the Head judge and provides information about the competition process to participants and spectators.
The supporting referee
5.17. The supporting referee:
– prepares participants for the flights;
– checks the dress code and equipment of the participants in accordance with the rules of the competition;
– leads the participants to the presentation ceremony.
5.18. The supporting referee is an intermediary between the participant and the main Judges Commission in case of any questions, conflicts or in unforeseen situations.
The technical inspector
5.19. The technical inspector:
– before the event, together with the superintendent checks the supplies and equipment, the weight of the kettlebells, scales, logistics, and audio system;
– in the course of the competition supervises their working condition;
– controls the order in the competition area, the warm-up zone, changing rooms and showers;
– ensures security and order during the competition.
5.20. Technical inspector requires from the superintendent to fix the identified deficiencies and drawbacks in the process of the competition. In case of an emergency, s/he shall take emergency measures to evacuate the participants and spectators from the danger zone.
The doctor of a competition
5.21. The doctor of a competition is part of the main Judges Commission as the medical assistant to the Head judge.
5.22. The doctor of a competition:
– supervises the participants during weight in procedure and due the course of the competitions;
– carries out medical supervision of participants at weight in and during competitions;
– supervises the maintenance of sanitary and hygienic conditions during competitions in the competition area, residences and places of food consumption,
– provides medical aid in case of injuries or diseases of the participants, determines the possibility of their further participation,
– makes the decision regarding withdrawal of the participant from the competition for medical reasons, draws the written certificate about the reasons of his/her removal,
– when a competition is over, presents to the Head judge with the report regarding medical, hygienic and sanitary service.
The superintendent of a competition
5.23. The superintendent is:
– responsible for the timely preparation of the facilities and equipment: the venue of the competition, warm-up area, changing rooms, showers, rest and recovery rooms, rooms for judges and media representatives;
– provides all necessary logistics and paraphernalia for the opening and closing ceremonies,
– follows the instruction of the Head judge, the technical supervisor and the representative of the organization hosting the competition in everything that concerns logistics and technology being used at the competition.

6. Rules of performance of exercises.
General provisions
6.1. Participants are called to the platform for their set. 5 seconds prior to start the time is counted down in seconds: 5, 4, 3, 2, 1. Then the command “Start!” follows. After the command “Start!” the participant has to begin the exercise: jerk, snatch or long cycle.
6.2. The participant who is late to the platform will be disqualified.
6.3. If the participant lifts kettlebell(s) from the platform before the command “Start!” the referee at the platform commands: “Stop, put the kettlebell (kettlebells) on the platform, and begin the exercise!”
6.4. 10 min period is given as the time limit for competition exercises. The judge-informer will announce time as each minute passes. After 9 minutes have passed, control time will be announced at 50 seconds, 30 seconds, 10 seconds, 5 seconds, and every second until time runs out.
After that the “Stop!” command will be issued, any following lifts will not be counted. The time is counted from 0 to 10 min.
6.5. If, during athletes set, a competitor makes a violation of the rules (including paragraph 2.22), the platform referee will warn with a yellow card.
6.6. In the cases stipulated by the rules, the platform referee will stop the set by the command “Stop!” and with a red card;
6.7. If the athlete steps off the platform, the command “Stop!” is announced and accompanied with a red card.
JERK of two kettlebells from the chest
(Short cycle)
6.8. The JERK is performed from the starting position: kettlebells are positioned on chest, arms are pressed to a torso, legs are straightened.
6.9. During the moment of fixation of kettlebells in the top position arms, torso and legs should be straightened; the participant must be facing referees on the platform.
6.10. The command “Stop!” is given (accompanied by a red card):
– for technical unpreparedness (numerous warnings regarding the execution);
– placing the kettlebells on shoulders (shoulder joints);
– lowering of kettlebell(s) from a chest into a hanging position or into a “kettlebell(s) below the hands” position or on the platform.
6.11. A lift is not counted and a yellow card is shown when:
– jerk is performed with a pause in the movement, and an additional press movement of kettlebell(s);
– there is no fixation in the starting position or/and in the overhead position;
– when the position of arms changes (arms separate from the body) during the first dip.
6.12 A warning is issued (a yellow card is shown) when:
– while lowering the kettlebells from the overhead position into the rack position the athlete makes a pause/lingers keeping the bells on his/her shoulder;
– at all other violations which do not fit the description of 6.10.
JERK of two kettlebells from a chest with the subsequent lowering of the kettlebells after overhead lift into clean/swing position (LONG CYCLE)
6.13. It’s performed by the same rules as a short cycle jerk from the chest.
6.14. The athlete must lower the kettlebell down after each overhead lift (jerk) and make the swing carrying kettlebells between legs or by the sides before each clean.
6.15. If two subsequent swings are made before the clean, the judge will warn the athlete by showing a yellow card. If this violation of the rules is repeated, the “Stop!” command will be issued.
6.16 The “Stop!” command is issued if when lowering kettlebells from the chest into the swing position the athlete places them on the legs for support.
SNATCH
6.17. Exercise is carried out in one motion. The participant must lift the kettlebell upward with one hand, in a continuous movement into the overhead position. The kettlebell must be fixated with a straightened arm. During the moment of fixation of the kettlebell in the top position the arm, legs and a torso should be straightened and motionless, free hand (in any position) is also motionless. Bending or twisting of the torso, bending in the hip joint during the fixation is not permitted.
After fixation in the overhead position the participant lowers the kettlebell down without touching the torso for the next lift.
6.18. Change of hands is permitted to make only once during the performance.
6.19. If the kettlebell is lowered/placed on a shoulder while performing snatch by the first hand, the command “Switch!” is given and the participant may continue the set with the second hand.
6.20. The command “Stop” is issued followed with a red card:
– for technical unpreparedness (numerous warnings regarding the execution of exercise);
– if the kettlebells is placed on a shoulder (arm) while snatching with the second hand;
– if the kettlebell is put on the platform.
6.21. A lift is not counted (a yellow card is shown):
– for additional press of the kettlebell;
– for the absence of fixation in the top position;
– if the free hand touches any part of the body, the platform, the kettlebell, the working hand, legs, torso.
6.22. A warning is issued and a yellow card is shown:
– if two swings are made by the same hand. If this violation is repeated, the “Stop!” command will be issued.
– at all other violations which do not fit the description of paragraph 6.20.

7. Team competitions (relays)
7.1 The weight of kettlebell(s), the lift, the number of a team members, number of stages of the relay, weight categories, time of the sets are determined by the competition regulations.
7.2 A participant may compete only in one stage of the relay.
7.3 It is not permitted to substitute members of a team after the application for participation has been submitted.
7.4 A team which does not have a participant on each leg of the relay will be disqualified.
7.5 A team members must wear the same uniform.
7.6 The order of carrying out a relay:
– before the beginning of a relay, the team members are placed in a formation: each member according to his/her stage as indicated in the application for participation;
-after the presentation of the teams only the participants of the first stage should remain on the platforms, all other members of the teams are escorted to the warm up area;
-all lifts must be executed in accordance with the general rules;
-the athletes of light weight categories begin the relay in strict accordance with the order indicated in the application;
-the judge-informer five seconds prior to the start gives the countdown: 5, 4, 3, 2, 1; and then the command “Start!” is issued to participants of the first stage;
-the platform referee records and displays on a monitor every correctly executed lift by every team member and the cumulative number of lifts made by the team;
-the referee’s records must include the results of every participant on every stage;
-30 seconds prior to the switch of the participants a supporting referee brings out the participants of the following stage;
– 5 seconds prior to the conclusion of each stage the countdown is done: 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 and afterwards the command “Change/Switch!” is issued. After this any subsequent lifts made by the participants of the previous stage are not counted anymore;
-lifts made by the participants of the following stage prior to the command “Change/Switch!” are not counted;
-once the time of the final stage runs out the “Stop!” command is issued and after it lifts are not counted anymore.
7.7 The winning team is determined by the highest cumulative number of lifts made by all members of a team.
7.8 In case of a tie between two or more teams the winner is determined by the lower combined weight of the team members.

8. Registration of records and highest achievements
8.1. The highest world achievements in kettlebell lifting are recorded in classic exercises stipulated by the competition rules.
8.2. Records are registered in all age divisions: adults (male/female), juniors (male/female), senior youth (male/female), and junior youth (male/female).
8.3. The competition, where the records are set, should be formally included in the calendar plan of IUKL competitions.
8.4. Participants who set records (except junior youth) must undergo doping control.

9. Application for participation
Format of the application for taking part in the competition, deadlines for submission of the application, competition regulations, kettlebell weights, credentials verification and weight in procedures, means of determining winners, dress code of the participants and other organizational details are stipulated in the Regulations of the Competition.